New! Sign up for our free email newsletter.
Science News
from research organizations

Seeking stronger steel, systematic look at 120 combinations of alloy elements provides clues

Date:
May 20, 2024
Source:
Osaka Metropolitan University
Summary:
Investigating ways to create high-performance steel, a research team used theoretical calculations on 120 combinations of 12 alloy elements, such as aluminum and titanium, with carbon and nitrogen, while also systematically clarifying the bonding mechanism.
Share:
FULL STORY

Decarbonization of automobiles not only requires a shift from gasoline engines to electric motors, but also quality steel parts that help the motors run while lessening the weight of vehicles. High-performance steel materials can offer quieter rides and resist the wear and tear from high-speed rotation in motors. To create them, the process of modifying the steel surface with carbon, nitrogen, and alloy elements needs to be optimized.

To understand the interactions between elements in steel, a systematic investigation has been conducted by an Osaka Metropolitan University research group led by Associate Professor Tokuteru Uesugi of the Graduate School of Informatics. The group theoretically calculated 120 combinations of how 12 alloy elements, including aluminum and titanium, interact with carbon during carburization and nitrogen in the nitriding process.

The results showed that when titanium is placed in a specific arrangement, it bonds with nitrogen or carbon, hardening the iron. The group's analytical data also showed that the alloy element must have a larger metallic radius than the iron atom to bond well.

"Although it was not easy to elucidate the mechanism from the results of numerous calculations, we used multiple linear regression and stratified analysis through trial and error," Professor Uesugi stated. "These results are expected to contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms of steel strengthening and improved durability, and to the development of superior materials."


Story Source:

Materials provided by Osaka Metropolitan University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Tokuteru Uesugi, Shuji Ashino, Yorinobu Takigawa, Kenji Higashi. Interactions between Interstitial and Substitutional Elements of Solute Diatomic and Triatomic Clusters in α-Fe from First-principles Calculations. ISIJ International, 2024; 64 (7): 1206 DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2024-062

Cite This Page:

Osaka Metropolitan University. "Seeking stronger steel, systematic look at 120 combinations of alloy elements provides clues." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 May 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/05/240520122809.htm>.
Osaka Metropolitan University. (2024, May 20). Seeking stronger steel, systematic look at 120 combinations of alloy elements provides clues. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 24, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/05/240520122809.htm
Osaka Metropolitan University. "Seeking stronger steel, systematic look at 120 combinations of alloy elements provides clues." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/05/240520122809.htm (accessed June 24, 2024).

Explore More

from ScienceDaily

RELATED STORIES