Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Peanut Variety Resistant To Nematodes, Virus

Date:
May 23, 2008
Source:
US Department of Agriculture
Summary:
A new peanut variety may help farmers in their battle against two key peanut problems. Peanuts are a very popular commodity, with annual U.S. production well above 2 billion pounds. But peanut varieties are plagued by pests like the peanut root-knot nematode and diseases like tomato spotted wilt virus.

A new peanut variety developed by ARS is the first with resistance to both root knot nematodes and tomato spotted wilt virus.
Credit: Photo courtesy USDA

A new peanut variety developed by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists may help farmers in their battle against two key peanut problems.

Peanuts are a very popular commodity, with annual U.S. production well above 2 billion pounds. But peanut varieties are plagued by pests like the peanut root-knot nematode and diseases like tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV).

While certain peanut varieties exhibit resistance to either the microscopic worms or the TSWV pathogen, Tifguard is the first variety that has resistance to both. It is the product of research by plant geneticist C. Corley Holbrook in the ARS Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit at Tifton, Ga.; plant pathologist Patricia Timper in the ARS Crop Protection and Management Research Unit, also at Tifton; and University of Georgia collaborators Albert Culbreath and Craig K. Kvien, in the College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences.

Tifguard was developed by hybridizing a TSWV-resistant cultivar with a nematode-resistant cultivar. Field tests for resistance to peanut root-knot nematode were conducted at two Georgia farms in Tift County that were heavily infested. In testing for TSWV-resistance, Tifguard plants were grown in plots at one of the Tift County farms that also displayed severe TSWV problems.

Not only did Tifguard exhibit higher resistance to TSWV, it also produced higher yields than standard check cultivars when grown in fields with little or no nematode pressure. And because of its high level of resistance to both TSWV and root knot nematode, Tifguard had significantly higher yields than all other varieties when grown in two locations with high pressure from both pathogens.

For these reasons, Tifguard should be particularly valuable to peanut growers who have to deal with both root-knot nematodes and TSWV. It was released in 2007 and is currently in seed production. Seed for farmers should be available by the 2009 planting season.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by US Department of Agriculture. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

US Department of Agriculture. "New Peanut Variety Resistant To Nematodes, Virus." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 May 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080521101458.htm>.
US Department of Agriculture. (2008, May 23). New Peanut Variety Resistant To Nematodes, Virus. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080521101458.htm
US Department of Agriculture. "New Peanut Variety Resistant To Nematodes, Virus." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080521101458.htm (accessed July 25, 2014).

Share This




More Plants & Animals News

Friday, July 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Boy Attacked by Shark in Florida

Boy Attacked by Shark in Florida

Reuters - US Online Video (July 24, 2014) An 8-year-old boy is bitten in the leg by a shark while vacationing at a Florida beach. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 24, 2014) The eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, mainly known for conflict and instability, is an unlikely place for the production of fine cheese. But a farm in the village of Masisi, in North Kivu is slowly transforming perceptions of the area. Known simply as Goma cheese, the Congolese version of Dutch gouda has gained popularity through out the region. Ciara Sutton reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Tyrannosaur Pack-Hunting Theory Aided By New Footprints

Tyrannosaur Pack-Hunting Theory Aided By New Footprints

Newsy (July 24, 2014) A new study claims a set of prehistoric T-Rex footprints supports the theory that the giant predators hunted in packs instead of alone. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

AFP (July 24, 2014) Health and agriculture development are key if African countries are to overcome poverty and grow, US software billionaire Bill Gates said Thursday, as he received an honourary degree in Ethiopia. Duration: 00:36 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile: iPhone Android Web
          Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins