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Toward nanorobots that swim through blood to deliver drugs

Date:
June 17, 2015
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Someday, treating patients with nanorobots could become standard practice to deliver medicine specifically to parts of the body affected by disease. But merely injecting drug-loaded nanoparticles might not always be enough to get them where they need to go. Now scientists are reporting the development of new nanoswimmers that can move easily through body fluids to their targets.
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Patients could one day benefit from swimming nanorobots that deliver drugs where they're needed.
Credit: American Chemical Society

Someday, treating patients with nanorobots could become standard practice to deliver medicine specifically to parts of the body affected by disease. But merely injecting drug-loaded nanoparticles might not always be enough to get them where they need to go. Now scientists are reporting in the ACS journal Nano Letters the development of new nanoswimmers that can move easily through body fluids to their targets.

Tiny robots could have many benefits for patients. For example, they could be programmed to specifically wipe out cancer cells, which would lower the risk of complications, reduce the need for invasive surgery and lead to faster recoveries. It's a burgeoning field of study with early-stage models currently in development in laboratories. But one of the challenges to making these robots work well is getting them to move through body fluids, which are like molasses to something as small as a nanorobot. Bradley J. Nelson, Salvador Pané, Yizhar Or and colleagues wanted to address this problem.

The researchers strung together three links in a chain about as long as a silk fiber is wide. One segment was a polymer, and two were magnetic, metallic nanowires. They put the tiny devices in a fluid even thicker than blood. And when they applied an oscillating magnetic field, the nanoswimmer moved in an S-like, undulatory motion at the speed of nearly one body length per second. The magnetic field also can direct the swimmers to reach targets.


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Journal Reference:

  1. Bumjin Jang, Emiliya Gutman, Nicolai Stucki, Benedikt F. Seitz, Pedro D. Wendel-García, Taylor Newton, Juho Pokki, Olgaç Ergeneman, Salvador Pané, Yizhar Or, Bradley J. Nelson. Undulatory Locomotion of Magnetic Multilink Nanoswimmers. Nano Letters, 2015; 150604133830008 DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b01981

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Toward nanorobots that swim through blood to deliver drugs." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 June 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150617125802.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2015, June 17). Toward nanorobots that swim through blood to deliver drugs. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150617125802.htm
American Chemical Society. "Toward nanorobots that swim through blood to deliver drugs." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/06/150617125802.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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