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Overlooked brain organ plays key role in promoting brain repair after stroke

Date:
July 1, 2024
Source:
University of Cincinnati
Summary:
Scientists found the choroid plexus and cerebrospinal fluid play a key role in maintaining a pool of newly born neurons to repair the adult brain after injury.
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University of Cincinnati researchers have pioneered an animal model that sheds light on the role an understudied organ in the brain has in repairing damage caused by stroke.

The research, published July 5 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sought to learn more about how the adult brain generates new neurons to repair damaged tissue.

The research team focused on the choroid plexus, a small organ within brain ventricles that produces the brain's cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF circulates throughout the brain, carrying signaling molecules and other factors thought to be important for maintaining brain function. However, prior to this study, little was known about the roles the choroid plexus and CSF play in brain repair after injury due to a lack of available adult animal models.

"We have discovered a new use of an animal model to be able to allow us to manipulate the adult choroid plexus and CSF for the first time," said Agnes (Yu) Luo, PhD, corresponding author on the study, and professor and vice chair in the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences in UC's College of Medicine. "Now that we've discovered it, this will be vitally applicable to allow researchers to manipulate the adult choroid plexus and CSF to study different disease models and biological processes."

UC graduate student and study coauthor Aleksandr Taranov explained that in a process called adult neurogenesis, the adult brain maintains a certain capacity to repair damage by regenerating newly born neurons.

"However, we still don't know what actually regulates adult neurogenesis and how to redirect the neurons into the lesion site following a stroke," Taranov said.

Using this new model, the researchers found that removing the choroid plexus -- and the resulting loss of CSF in brain ventricles -- led to a reduction of newly born immature neurons called neuroblasts. In a model of ischemic stroke, the team found the loss of the choroid plexus and CSF led to fewer neuroblasts migrating to the lesion site and repairing damage caused by a stroke.

"This suggests that the choroid plexus may be needed to retain these neuroblasts in the area where they usually reside," Taranov said. "And the choroid plexus might actually be required to retain the neuroblasts so they can readily migrate into the stroke site whenever a stroke or other injury occurs."

Essentially, Luo said, it appears the choroid plexus keeps a garrison of regenerative cells that are ready to be deployed to injured areas in the brain in animal models of stroke. Further research is needed to confirm whether this also occurs in human brains.

Moving forward, Taranov is studying how the loss of the choroid plexus and CSF affects the clearing of toxic proteins in a model of Alzheimer's disease, and fellow graduate student Elliot Wegman is studying the same effects in a model of Parkinson's disease.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Cincinnati. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Aleksandr Taranov, Alicia Bedolla, Eri Iwasawa, Farrah N. Brown, Sarah Baumgartner, Elizabeth M. Fugate, Joel Levoy, Steven A. Crone, June Goto, Yu Luo. The choroid plexus maintains adult brain ventricles and subventricular zone neuroblast pool, which facilitates poststroke neurogenesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2024; 121 (28) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2400213121

Cite This Page:

University of Cincinnati. "Overlooked brain organ plays key role in promoting brain repair after stroke." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 July 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240701162204.htm>.
University of Cincinnati. (2024, July 1). Overlooked brain organ plays key role in promoting brain repair after stroke. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 23, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240701162204.htm
University of Cincinnati. "Overlooked brain organ plays key role in promoting brain repair after stroke." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240701162204.htm (accessed July 23, 2024).

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