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Vegetarian and 'healthy' diets could be more harmful to the environment, researchers say

Eating lettuce is 'over three times worse' in greenhouse gas emissions than eating bacon

Date:
December 14, 2015
Source:
Carnegie Mellon University
Summary:
Following the USDA recommendations to consume more fruits, vegetables, dairy and seafood is more harmful to the environment because those foods have relatively high resource uses and greenhouse gas emissions per calorie, say researchers. A new study measured the changes in energy use, blue water footprint and GHG emissions associated with US food consumption patterns.
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Eating lettuce is more harmful to the environment than eating bacon, suggest researchers.
Credit: © margo555 / Fotolia

Contrary to recent headlines -- and a talk by actor Arnold Schwarzenegger at the United Nations Paris Climate Change Conference -- eating a vegetarian diet could contribute to climate change.

In fact, according to new research from Carnegie Mellon University, following the USDA recommendations to consume more fruits, vegetables, dairy and seafood is more harmful to the environment because those foods have relatively high resource uses and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per calorie. Published in Environment Systems and Decisions, the study measured the changes in energy use, blue water footprint and GHG emissions associated with U.S. food consumption patterns.

"Eating lettuce is over three times worse in greenhouse gas emissions than eating bacon," said Paul Fischbeck, professor of social and decisions sciences and engineering and public policy. "Lots of common vegetables require more resources per calorie than you would think. Eggplant, celery and cucumbers look particularly bad when compared to pork or chicken."

Fischbeck, Michelle Tom, a Ph.D. student in civil and environmental engineering, and Chris Hendrickson, the Hamerschlag University Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, studied the food supply chain to determine how the obesity epidemic in the U.S. is affecting the environment. Specifically, they examined how growing, processing and transporting food, food sales and service, and household storage and use take a toll on resources in the form of energy use, water use and GHG emissions.

On one hand, the results showed that getting our weight under control and eating fewer calories, has a positive effect on the environment and reduces energy use, water use and GHG emissions from the food supply chain by approximately 9 percent.

However, eating the recommended "healthier" foods -- a mix of fruits, vegetables, dairy and seafood -- increased the environmental impact in all three categories: Energy use went up by 38 percent, water use by 10 percent and GHG emissions by 6 percent.

"There's a complex relationship between diet and the environment," Tom said. "What is good for us health-wise isn't always what's best for the environment. That's important for public officials to know and for them to be cognizant of these tradeoffs as they develop or continue to develop dietary guidelines in the future."

CMU's Steinbrenner Institute for Environmental Education and Research and the Colcom Foundation funded this research.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Carnegie Mellon University. The original item was written by Shilo Rea. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Michelle S. Tom, Paul S. Fischbeck, Chris T. Hendrickson. Energy use, blue water footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions for current food consumption patterns and dietary recommendations in the US. Environment Systems and Decisions, 2015; DOI: 10.1007/s10669-015-9577-y

Cite This Page:

Carnegie Mellon University. "Vegetarian and 'healthy' diets could be more harmful to the environment, researchers say: Eating lettuce is 'over three times worse' in greenhouse gas emissions than eating bacon." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 December 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151214130727.htm>.
Carnegie Mellon University. (2015, December 14). Vegetarian and 'healthy' diets could be more harmful to the environment, researchers say: Eating lettuce is 'over three times worse' in greenhouse gas emissions than eating bacon. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 26, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151214130727.htm
Carnegie Mellon University. "Vegetarian and 'healthy' diets could be more harmful to the environment, researchers say: Eating lettuce is 'over three times worse' in greenhouse gas emissions than eating bacon." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151214130727.htm (accessed July 26, 2016).

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