Law should be viewed as a major determinant of health and safety and can be utilized as a powerful and innovative tool to address pressing global health concerns, says a newly formed, high-level commission announced today by the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University in partnership with The Lancet.
In their "Comment" published online in The Lancet, the Commission's co-chairs Lawrence O. Gostin and John T. Monahan, along with the Commission's project coordinator, Mary C. DeBartolo, and Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief of The Lancet, say the aims of the Commission are to "define and systematically describe the current landscape of law that affects global health and safety" and that the group will "make the case for the power of law to improve health while revealing current opportunities and challenges under the status quo."
The authors point to three recent events--the Ebola crisis in West Africa, current international litigation implicating the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and the push for Universal Health Coverage--that demonstrate how "the interaction between national, subnational, and international law, together with the influence of many legal spheres, illustrate the power--and the weakness--of law as a tool."
The Commission's inaugural meeting is scheduled for April 22 and 23 at the O'Neill Institute at Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C. Over the next year and a half, the Commission specifically aims to: (1) identify evidence-based means by which law can contribute to improved health and safety outcomes; (2) enhance the ways in which health and safety are prioritized in law and policy; and (3) examine how international organizations, governing processes, and instruments can support, reinforce, and incentivize countries' development of domestic laws to improve their public's health and safety.
"The power of law is not simply to create a rule of law, but more fundamentally to achieve the aspiration of a world that can enjoy the highest attainable standard of health," the authors conclude.
Materials provided by O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
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