Today's Science News

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Intelligent Neuroprostheses Mimic Natural Motor Control

Mar. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists are taking inspiration from natural motor control to design new prosthetic devices that can better replace limb function. Researchers have tested a range of brain-controlled devices ... full story

Earthlike 'Star Wars' Tatooines May Be Common

Mar. 30, 2015 — Luke Skywalker's home in "Star Wars" is the desert planet Tatooine, with twin sunsets because it orbits two stars. So far, only uninhabitable gas-giant planets have been identified ... full story

Earliest Humans Had Diverse Range of Body Types, Just as We Do Today

Mar. 26, 2015 — New research harnessing fragmentary fossils suggests our genus has come in different shapes and sizes since its origins over two million years ago, and adds weight to the idea that humans began to ... full story

Dark Matter Even Darker Than Once Thought

Mar. 26, 2015 — Astronomers have studied how dark matter in clusters of galaxies behaves when the clusters collide. The results show that dark matter interacts with itself even less than previously thought, and ... full story

Designer's Toolkit for Dynamic DNA Nanomachines: Arm-Waving Nanorobot Signals New Flexibility in DNA Origami

Mar. 26, 2015 — Researchers have demonstrated a new approach to joining -- and reconfiguring -- modular DNA building units, by snapping together complementary shapes instead of zipping together strings of base ... full story

What 300,000 Year Old Eggshells Reveal About the Environment of the Paleolithic

Mar. 31, 2015 — In the 1990s the discovery of the oldest human made and completely preserved wooden hunting weapons made the Paleolithic excavation site in Schoningen internationally renowned. Contained within the ... full story

Five Years After Deepwater Horizon, Wildlife Still Struggling Dolphins Dying in High Numbers; Sea Turtles Failing to Nest

Mar. 31, 2015 — As the five-year anniversary of the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig approaches, a new report looks at how twenty species of wildlife are faring in the aftermath of the ... full story

The 100 Million Year-Old Piggyback: Amber Reveals Earliest Example of Maternal Care in Insects

Mar. 31, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered the earliest fossilized evidence of an insect caring for its young. The findings push back the earliest direct evidence of insect brood care by more than 50 million years, ... full story

ALMA Disentangles Complex Birth of Giant Stars

Mar. 31, 2015 — Astronomers have conducted observations of the massive-star forming region IRAS 16547-4247. The observation results shows the presence of multiple, or at least two, gas outflows from a protostar, ... full story

Good Luck and the Chinese Reverse Global Forest Loss

Mar. 30, 2015 — Analysis of 20 years of satellite data has revealed the total amount of vegetation globally has increased by almost 4 billion tons of carbon since 2003. This is despite ongoing large-scale ... full story

Stop Blaming the Moon: Intelligent People Can Develop Strong Entirely Incorrect Beliefs

Mar. 30, 2015 — The moon does not influence the timing of human births or hospital admissions, a new study finds, confirming what astronomers have known for decades. The study illustrates how intelligent people ... full story

Pesticides in Fruit and Vegetables Linked to Semen Quality

Mar. 30, 2015 — The first study to investigate the relationship between eating fruit and vegetables containing pesticide residues and the quality of men's semen has shown a link with lower sperm counts and ... full story

3-D Human Skin Maps Aid Study of Relationships Between Molecules, Microbes and Environment

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers have produced 3-D maps of molecular and microbial variations across the body. These maps provide a baseline for studies of the interplay between the molecules that make up our skin, our ... full story

Climate-Related Disruptions of Marine Ecosystems: Decades to Destroy, Millennia to Recover

Mar. 30, 2015 — A new study reports that marine ecosystems can take thousands, rather than hundreds, of years to recover from climate-related upheavals. The study's authors analyzed thousands of invertebrate ... full story

Thin Transparent Flexible Screens: Roll Up Your Screen and Stow It Away?

Mar. 30, 2015 — As the demand for instant, constant communication grows, so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices -- especially computer displays that can be easily rolled up and stored or ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Universe Could Be Full Of Tatooine Sunsets

The Universe Could Be Full Of Tatooine Sunsets

Newsy (Mar. 30, 2015) — University of Utah researchers say mathematical simulations show small, rocky planets, like Tatooine from "Star Wars," can form in dual-star systems. Video provided by Newsy
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Ancient Egyptian Beer Making Vessels Discovered in Israel

Ancient Egyptian Beer Making Vessels Discovered in Israel

AFP (Mar. 30, 2015) — Fragments of pottery used by Egyptians to make beer and dating back 5,000 years have been discovered on a building site in Tel Aviv, the Israeli Antiquities Authority said on Sunday. Duration: 00:51 Video provided by AFP
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WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

WH Plan to Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Germs

AP (Mar. 27, 2015) — The White House on Friday announced a five-year plan to fight the threat posed by antibiotic-resistant bacteria amid fears that once-treatable germs could become deadly. (March 27) Video provided by AP
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What's Different About This Latest Ebola Vaccine

What's Different About This Latest Ebola Vaccine

Newsy (Mar. 26, 2015) — A whole virus Ebola vaccine has been shown to protect monkeys exposed to the virus. Here's what's different about this vaccine. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2015-03-31 at 11:33 am EDT

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Impact of Domestic Violence on Women's Mental Health

Mar. 31, 2015 — In addition to their physical injuries, women who are victims of domestic violence are also at a greater risk of mental health problems such as depression and psychotic symptoms. "We studied the ... full story

How a Deadly Fungus Evades the Immune System

Mar. 31, 2015 — New research has scientists re-thinking how a lethal fungus grows and kills immune cells. The study hints at a new approach to therapy for Candida albicans, one of the most common causes of ... full story

Innovative Strategies Needed to Address US Transplant Organ Shortage

Mar. 31, 2015 — As the United States faces transplant waiting lists that continue to grow longer over time, there is increasing debate about the proper way to incentivize living donations. Due to organ shortages, ... full story

Pig-Borne Disease Most Likely Jumped Into Humans When Rearing Practices Changed

Mar. 31, 2015 — The most virulent strains of Streptococcus suis, the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in adult humans in parts of southeast Asia and in pigs around the world, are likely to have evolved and ... full story

Scientists Find Clues Into Cognitive Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Mar. 31, 2015 — A unique pattern of immune molecules in the cerebrospinal fluid of people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome have been discovered, providing insights into the basis for cognitive ... full story

Kids Allowed to 'Sip' Alcohol May Start Drinking Earlier

Mar. 31, 2015 — Children who get a taste of their parents' wine now and then may be more likely than their peers to start drinking by high school, according to a new report. The findings are based on 561 Rhode ... full story

Unique Mechanism of Natural Product With Powerful Antimicrobial Action Revealed

Mar. 31, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered the unique mechanism of a powerful natural product with wide-ranging antifungal, antibacterial, anti-malaria and anti-cancer effects. The work sheds light on the natural ... full story

Scientists Link Unexplained Childhood Paralysis to Enterovirus D68

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have found the genetic signature of enterovirus D68 in half of the California and Colorado children diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis -- sudden, unexplained muscle weakness and ... full story

Date Syrup Shows Promise for Fighting Bacterial Infections

Mar. 30, 2015 — Date syrup – a thick, sweet liquid derived from dates that is widely consumed across the Middle East – shows antibacterial activity against a number of disease-causing bacteria, including ... full story

Bacterial Genetic Pathway Involved in Body Odor Production Discovered

Mar. 30, 2015 — For many, body odor is an unfortunate side effect of their daily lives. The smell is caused by bacteria on the skin breaking down naturally secreted molecules contained within sweat. Now scientists ... full story

Wearable Technology Can Help With Public Speaking

Mar. 30, 2015 — Speaking in public is the top fear for many people. Now, researchers have developed an intelligent user interface for 'smart glasses' that gives real-time feedback to the speaker on volume modulation ... full story

'Wikipedia' for Neurons Created

Mar. 30, 2015 — To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers have used data mining to create, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological ... full story

Mechanisms That Link Compulsive Binge Eating With Hypertension Identified

Mar. 30, 2015 — An estimated eight million adults in the U.S. suffer from binge eating disorder. Now, researchers have shown that compulsive binging on foods that are high in fat and sugar can trigger specific ... full story

Rate of Opioid Misuse Is Around 25 Percent, Addiction Rate 10 Percent, Reports Study

Mar. 30, 2015 — New estimates suggest that 20 to 30 percent of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10 percent. "On average, misuse was ... full story

Crowdsourced Tool for Depression

Mar. 30, 2015 — A new peer-to-peer networking tool has been developed that enables sufferers of anxiety and depression to build online support communities and practice therapeutic ... full story

Component of Red Grapes, Wine Could Help Ease Depression

Mar. 30, 2015 — A link between inflammation and depression, which affects approximately 148 million people in the United States, has been identified by researchers. A new study finds that resveratrol -- a natural ... full story

Super Sensitive Measurement of Magnetic Fields

Mar. 30, 2015 — There are electrical signals in the nervous system, the brain and throughout the human body and there are tiny magnetic fields associated with these signals that could be important for medical ... full story

Prototype 'Nanoneedles' Generate New Blood Vessels in Mice, Paving Way for New Regenerative Medicine

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have developed tiny 'nanoneedles' that have successfully prompted parts of the body to generate new blood vessels, in a trial in mice. The researchers hope their nanoneedle technique could ... full story

High-Tech Method Allows Rapid Imaging of Functions in Living Brain

Mar. 30, 2015 — Using a new high-speed, high-resolution imaging method, researchers were able to see blood flow and other functions inside a living mouse brain at faster rates than ever ... full story

New Link Between Neurodegenerative Diseases, Abnormal Immune Responses Found

Mar. 30, 2015 — New insight into the link between neurodegenerative disorders and inflammation has been gained by a new study that provides a framework to explore more fully the possibility that viral infection may ... full story

Goodbye, Range Anxiety? Electric Vehicles May Be More Useful Than Previously Thought

Mar. 30, 2015 — In the first study of its kind, scientists quantitatively show that electric vehicles will meet the daily travel needs of drivers longer than commonly assumed. They found that batteries that have ... full story

Cats Relax to the Sound of Music

Mar. 30, 2015 — It is widely accepted that, in humans, music confers numerous benefits. An extensive body of research indicates that these benefits extend even to patients under general anesthesia, and include ... full story

Short Bouts of High-Intensity Exercise Before a Fatty Meal Best for Vascular Health

Mar. 30, 2015 — A short burst of intensive exercise before eating a high fat meal is better for blood vessel function in young people than the currently recommended moderate-intensity exercise, according to a new ... full story

Family Income, Parental Education Related to Brain Structure in Children, Adolescents

Mar. 30, 2015 — Characterizing associations between socioeconomic factors and children's brain development, a team of investigators reports correlative links between family income and brain structure. Relationships ... full story

Adding Peanuts to a Meal Benefits Vascular Health

Mar. 30, 2015 — A study of peanut consumption showed that including them as a part of a high fat meal improved the post-meal triglyceride response and preserved endothelial function. Vascular dysfunction plays a ... full story

Eating Green Leafy Vegetables Keeps Mental Abilities Sharp

Mar. 30, 2015 — Something as easy as adding more spinach, kale, collards and mustard greens to your diet could help slow cognitive decline, according to new research. The study also examined the nutrients ... full story

Only One of 32 Hockey Helmets Tested Earn 3-Star Rating

Mar. 30, 2015 — The five-star ratings of hockey helmets, judging their abilities to help prevent concussions, have been released by experts. The findings so far: Only one of 32 tested hockey helmets earned three ... full story

Adolescents' Riskier Online Behavior Suggests Need for Age-Based Warnings

Mar. 30, 2015 — Adolescents who have engaged in past risky online behavior such as providing personal information and befriending strangers are much more likely to repeat such behavior in the future, according to ... full story

Gap Between Parental Perceptions of Child's Weight and Official Classifications

Mar. 30, 2015 — New study reveals a gap between parental perceptions of their child's weight and official classifications of obesity. The work finds that parents are additionally more likely to underestimate their ... full story

Exercise Can Outweigh Harmful Effects of Air Pollution

Mar. 30, 2015 — The beneficial effects of exercise are more important for our health than the negative effects of air pollution, in relation to the risk of premature mortality, new research shows. In other words, ... full story

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Rodeo in Liquid Crystal: Unprecedented Level of Control Over Defects

Mar. 31, 2015 — Scientists have achieved an unprecedented level of control over defects in liquid crystals that can be engineered for applications in liquid matter photonics. Sitting with a joystick in the comfort ... full story

Mist-Collecting Plants May ‘bioinspire’ Technology to Help Alleviate Global Water Shortages

Mar. 30, 2015 — By studying the morphology and physiology of plants with tiny conical "hairs" or microfibers on the surface of their leaves, such as tomatoes, balsam pears and the flowers Berkheya purpea and Lychnis ... full story

Physicists Report Technology With Potential for Sub-Micron Optical Switches

Mar. 30, 2015 — New technology could result in optical switches with sub-square-micron footprints, potentially allowing densely packed switching fabrics on a ... full story

Scientists Convert Microbubbles to Nanoparticles

Mar. 30, 2015 — Biomedical researchers have successfully converted microbubble technology already used in diagnostic imaging into nanoparticles that stay trapped in tumors to potentially deliver targeted, ... full story

'Google Maps' for the Body: A Biomedical Revolution

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists are using previously top-secret technology to zoom through the human body down to the level of a single cell. Scientists are also using cutting-edge microtome and MRI technology to examine ... full story

'Atomic Chicken-Wire' Is Key to Faster DNA Sequencing

Mar. 30, 2015 — An unusual and very exciting form of carbon -- that can be created by drawing on paper -- looks to hold the key to real-time, high throughput DNA sequencing, a technique that would revolutionize ... full story

Recipe for Antibacterial Plastic: Plastic Plus Egg Whites

Mar. 27, 2015 — Bioplastics made from protein sources such as albumin and whey have shown significant antibacterial properties, findings that could eventually lead to their use in plastics used in medical ... full story

Precocious GEM: Shape-Shifting Sensor Can Report Conditions from Deep in the Body

Mar. 27, 2015 — Scientists have devised and demonstrated a new, shape-shifting probe, about one-hundredth as wide as a human hair, which is capable of sensitive, high-resolution remote biological sensing that is not ... full story

Light-Emitting Diode Tech: Solving Molybdenum Disulfide's 'Thin' Problem

Mar. 27, 2015 — A research team used silver nanodiscs to increase the promising new material's light emission by twelve times, making it a better candidate for light-emitting diode ... full story

Nanoscale Worms Provide New Route to Nano-Necklace Structures

Mar. 27, 2015 — Researchers have developed a novel technique for crafting nanometer-scale necklaces based on tiny star-like structures threaded onto a polymeric backbone. The technique could provide a new way to ... full story

Macrostructure of the Universe: An 'Unfocused' Eye That Sees the Big Picture

Mar. 31, 2015 — Designed to detect the fossil radiation of the Universe, the Planck satellite, working in tandem with Herschel, can also help to understand the macrostructure of the Universe. A just-published ... full story

As Stars Form, Magnetic Fields Influence Regions Big and Small

Mar. 30, 2015 — Stars form when gravity pulls together material within giant clouds of gas and dust. But gravity isn't the only force at work. Both turbulence and magnetic fields battle gravity, either by stirring ... full story

Comet Dust: Planet Mercury's 'Invisible Paint'

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have long puzzled over the planet Mercury's excessively dark surface. New research suggests that carbon from passing comets could be the planet's mystery darkening ... full story

More Evidence for Groundwater on Mars: Conditions Would Be Conducive for Microbial Colonization If on Earth

Mar. 27, 2015 — Scientists investigated the Equatorial Layered Deposits (ELDs) of Arabia Terra in Firsoff crater area, Mars, to understand their formation and potential habitability. On the plateau, ELDs consist of ... full story

Best View Yet of Dusty Cloud Passing Galactic Center Black Hole

Mar. 26, 2015 — The best observations so far of the dusty gas cloud G2 confirm that it made its closest approach to the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way in May 2014 and has survived the ... full story

Ancient Martian Lake System Records Two Water-Related Events

Mar. 25, 2015 — Researchers have completed a new analysis of an ancient Martian lake system in Jezero Crater, near the planet's equator. The study finds that the onslaught of water that filled the crater was one of ... full story

A New Spin on Saturn's Peculiar Rotation

Mar. 25, 2015 — The precise measurement of Saturn's rotation has presented a great challenge to scientists, as different parts of this sweltering ball of hydrogen and helium rotate at different speeds whereas its ... full story

Supermassive Black Hole Clears Star-Making Gas from Galaxy's Core

Mar. 25, 2015 — A new study provides the first observational evidence that a supermassive black hole at the center of a large galaxy can power huge, wide-angled outpourings of material from deep inside the galaxy's ... full story

Unexplained Warm Layer Discovered in Venus' Atmosphere

Mar. 25, 2015 — Scientists have found a warm layer in Venus' atmosphere, the nature of which is still unknown. The researchers made the discovery when compiling a temperature map of the upper atmosphere on the ... full story

Explosions of Jupiter's Aurora Linked to Extraordinary Planet-Moon Interaction

Mar. 25, 2015 — New observations of the planet's extreme ultraviolet emissions show that bright explosions of Jupiter's aurora likely also get kicked off by the planet-moon interaction, not by solar ... full story

Citizen Scientists Map Global Forests

Mar. 30, 2015 — New global forest maps combine citizen science with multiple data sources, for an unprecedented level of accuracy about the location and extent of forestland worldwide. "The new maps rely on a ... full story

Computational Model Simulates Bacterial Behavior

Mar. 27, 2015 — Applied mathematicians and environmental biotechnologists have developed a new computational model that effectively simulates the mechanical behavior of biofilms. Their model may lead to new ... full story

Mira Supercomputer Use to Peer Inside High-Temperature Superconductors

Mar. 27, 2015 — Researchers are using supercomputers to shed light on the mysterious nature of high-temperature ... full story

Metals Used in High-Tech Products Face Future Supply Risks

Mar. 27, 2015 — Researchers have assessed the 'criticality' of all 62 metals on the Periodic Table of Elements, providing key insights into which materials might become more difficult to find in the coming decades, ... full story

We Don’t Notice Much of What We See: 85 College Students Tried to Draw the Apple Logo from Memory; 84 Failed

Mar. 27, 2015 — Of 85 UCLA undergraduate students, only one correctly recalled the Apple logo when asked to draw it on a blank sheet of paper, psychologists found. Fewer than half correctly identified the logo when ... full story

Big Data Allows Computer Engineers to Find Genetic Clues in Humans

Mar. 27, 2015 — Computer scientists tackled some big data about an important protein and discovered its connection in human history as well as clues about its role in complex neurological ... full story

Stereotypes Lower Math Performance in Women, but Effects Go Unrecognized

Mar. 26, 2015 — A new study suggests that gender stereotypes about women's ability in mathematics negatively impact their performance. And in a significant twist, both men and women wrongly believe those stereotypes ... full story

The Brain in the Supermarket: Index Strategy Informs Decision-Making

Mar. 26, 2015 — Researchers suggest that your brain is most likely deploying an 'index strategy,' a straightforward ranking of products, when you shop. It may not be an absolutely perfect calculation, given all the ... full story

Engineers Develop New Methods to Speed Up Simulations in Computational Grand Challenge

Mar. 26, 2015 — Engineers have developed a new family of methods to significantly increase the speed of time-resolved numerical simulations in computational grand challenge problems. Such problems often arise from ... full story

Magnetic Quantum Crystals

Mar. 26, 2015 — In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg ... full story

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Why Slimy Cheats Don’t Win: 'Cheating' Amoebae Don't Survive Better Than 'Cooperating' Amoebae

Mar. 31, 2015 — Darwin's evolutionary theory predicts survival of the fittest. So why do different survival tactics co-exist, if evolution should always favor the winning strategy? To answer that question scientists ... full story

Why Flowers Bloom Earlier in a Warming Climate

Mar. 31, 2015 — Scientists have discovered why the first buds of spring come increasingly earlier as the climate changes. As the climate changes the sweet spot for seeds comes earlier in the year, so first flowers ... full story

Discovery of Two New Species of Primitive Fishes

Mar. 31, 2015 — Paleontologists have discovered two new species of Saurichthys. The ~242 million year old predatory fishes were found in the fossil Lagerstδtte Monte San Giorgio, in Ticino. They are distinct from ... full story

Biology in a Twist: Deciphering the Origins of Cell Behavior

Mar. 31, 2015 — The inherent ‘handedness’ of molecular structures directs the behavior of individual cells and confers them the ability to sense the difference between left and right. This is a significant step ... full story

Clues to Aging from Long-Lived Lemurs

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers combed through more than 50 years of medical records on hundreds of lemurs for clues to their longevity. They found that how long these primates live and how fast they age correlates with ... full story

Setting a Dinner Table for Wildlife Can Affect Their Risk of Disease

Mar. 30, 2015 — Supplemental feeding of wildlife can increase the spread of some infectious diseases and decrease the spread of others. A new study by ecologists finds that the outcome depends on the type of ... full story

Compound from Soil Microbe Inhibits Biofilm Formation

Mar. 30, 2015 — A known antibiotic and antifungal compound produced by a soil microbe can inhibit another species of microbe from forming biofilms - -microbial mats that frequently are medically harmful -- without ... full story

Glimpses of the Future: Drought Damage Leads to Widespread Forest Death

Mar. 30, 2015 — The 2000-2003 drought in the American southwest triggered a widespread die-off of forests around the region. A team of scientists developed a new modeling tool to explain how and where trembling ... full story

Could Antibodies from Camels Protect Humans from MERS?

Mar. 30, 2015 — Antibodies from dromedary camels protected uninfected mice from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and helped infected mice expunge the disease, according to a ... full story

Mild Winters Not Fueling All Pine Beetle Outbreaks in Western United States

Mar. 30, 2015 — Warming winters have allowed mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the coldest areas of the western United States, but milder winters can't be blamed for the full extent of recent outbreaks in the ... full story

Particulate Air Pollution: Exposure to Ultrafine Particles Influences Cardiac Function

Mar. 31, 2015 — The adverse health effects caused by fine particles have been known for some time. In addition, ultrafine particles appear to play a significant role in cardiac function -- even if an individual is ... full story

New Source of Methane for Gas Hydrates in Arctic Discovered

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers have identified a new source of methane for gas hydrates -- ice-like substances found in sediment that trap methane within the crystal structure of frozen water -- in the Arctic Ocean. ... full story

Research Links Two Millennia of Cyclones, Floods, El Niρo

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have created a 2,200-year-long record of extreme rainfall events that might also help predict future climate ... full story

Direct Evidence for a Positive Feedback in Climate Change: Global Warming Itself Will Likely Accelerate Warming

Mar. 30, 2015 — A new study has confirmed the existence of a positive feedback operating in climate change whereby warming itself may amplify a rise in greenhouse gases resulting in additional ... full story

Colorado Front Range Flooding and Debris Flows: Before and After

Mar. 30, 2015 — Before and After LiDAR Studies of the Sept. 2013 Colorado Front Range Flooding and Debris ... full story

Equatorial Fish Babies in Hot Water

Mar. 30, 2015 — Rising ocean temperatures slow the development of baby fish around the equator, scientists have found, raising concerns about the impact of global warming on fish and fisheries in the ... full story

Diverse Sources of Methane in Shallow Arctic Lakes Discovered

Mar. 30, 2015 — New research into the changing ecology of thousands of shallow lakes on the North Slope of Alaska suggests that in scenarios of increasing global temperatures, methane-generating microbes, found in ... full story

Bitter Chocolate: Illegal Cocoa Farms Threaten Ivory Coast Primates

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers surveying for endangered primates in national parks and forest reserves of Ivory Coast found, to their surprise, that most of these protected areas had been turned into illegal cocoa ... full story

Antibiotic Resistance Risk for Coastal Water Users in UK

Mar. 30, 2015 — Recreational users of coastal waters around the United Kingdom, such as swimmers and surfers, are at risk of exposure to antibiotic resistant bacteria, according to new research published this ... full story

Volcanic Eruptions Found to Durably Impact Climate Through Alterations to North Atlantic Ocean Circulation

Mar. 30, 2015 — Particles emitted during major volcanic eruptions cool the atmosphere due to a 'parasol' effect that reflects sunlight. The direct impact of these particles in the atmosphere is fairly short, lasting ... full story

New Lobster-Like Predator Found in 508 Million-Year-Old Fossil-Rich Site

Mar. 27, 2015 — What do butterflies, spiders and lobsters have in common? They are all surviving relatives of a newly identified species called Yawunik kootenayi, a marine creature with two pairs of eyes and ... full story

The Stapes in the Middle Ear of a Neanderthal Child Shows Anatomical Differences from Humans

Mar. 27, 2015 — Scientists have produced a 3-D reconstruction of the remains of a two-year-old Neanderthal recovered from an excavation carried out back in the 1970s at La Ferrassie (Dordogne, France). The work ... full story

Study Underscores Complexity of Geopolitics in the Age of the Aztec Empire

Mar. 25, 2015 — New findings from an international team of archaeological researchers highlight the complexity of geopolitics in Aztec era Mesoamerica and illustrate how the relationships among ancient states ... full story

Prehistoric Super Salamander Was Top Predator, Fossils Suggest

Mar. 24, 2015 — A previously undiscovered species of crocodile-like amphibian that lived during the rise of dinosaurs was among Earth's top predators more than 200 million years ago, a study shows. Palaeontologists ... full story

Archaeologists Discover Maya 'Melting Pot'

Mar. 23, 2015 — Archaeologists working in Guatemala has unearthed new information about the Maya civilization's transition from a mobile, hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a sedentary way of life. They have found ... full story

Ascension of Marine Diatoms Linked to Vast Increase in Continental Weathering

Mar. 23, 2015 — A team of researcher has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms, a group of tiny marine algae that plays ... full story

Key to the Long-Term Storage of Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Deep Ocean

Mar. 23, 2015 — Researchers have made strides in the understanding of the mechanisms governing the persistence of dissolved organic carbon for hundreds or thousands of years in the deep ocean. Most of this material ... full story

World's Largest Asteroid Impacts Found in Central Australia

Mar. 23, 2015 — A 400-kilometer-wide impact zone from a huge meteorite that broke in two moments before it slammed into the Earth has been found in Central Australia. The crater from the impact millions of years ago ... full story

Archivists Unearth Rare First Edition of the 1815 'Map That Changed the World'

Mar. 23, 2015 — A rare early copy of William Smith’s 1815 Geological Map of England and Wales, previously thought lost, has been uncovered by Geological Society archivists. The new map has been digitized and made ... full story

Did a Volcanic Cataclysm 40,000 Years Ago Trigger the Final Demise of the Neanderthals?

Mar. 20, 2015 — The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption in Italy 40,000 years ago was one of the largest volcanic cataclysms in Europe and injected a significant amount of sulfur-dioxide (SO2) into the stratosphere. ... full story

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Major Increase in Bowel Cancer Screening Uptake Shown With New Screening Test

Mar. 30, 2015 — A large pilot study of a new bowel cancer screening test has demonstrated a major increase in participation rates across population groups. The new test is called a Fecal Immunochemical Test or FIT ... full story

Do Biofuel Policies Seek to Cut Emissions by Cutting Food?

Mar. 27, 2015 — A new study found that government biofuel policies rely on reductions in food consumption to generate greenhouse gas ... full story

Two Degree Celsius Climate Change Target 'Utterly Inadequate', Expert Argues

Mar. 27, 2015 — The official global target of a two degree Celsius temperature rise is 'utterly inadequate' for protecting those at most risk from climate change, says an expert. The commentary presents a rare ... full story

Greener Industry If Environmental Authorities Change Strategy

Mar. 27, 2015 — Fewer industrial firms would violate environmental legislation and a higher number would adopt cleaner technologies if environmental authorities would focus their monitoring efforts on companies with ... full story

Domestic Violence Victims May Be Hurt by Mandatory Arrest Laws

Mar. 26, 2015 — Mandatory arrest is a law enforcement policy that was created in an effort to curb domestic violence in the United States. But a recent study by sociologists suggests that the law may be intimidating ... full story

Research Aims to Reduce Health Care Disparities

Mar. 26, 2015 — The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, queer/questioning and intersex (LGBTQI) population has been largely understudied by the medical community. Researchers found that the LGBTQI ... full story

Photosynthesis Hack Is Needed to Feed the World by 2050

Mar. 26, 2015 — Using high-performance computing and genetic engineering to boost the photosynthetic efficiency of plants offers the best hope of increasing crop yields enough to feed a planet expected to have 9.5 ... full story

The Mediterranean Diet Is Not Only Healthier, It Also Pollutes Less

Mar. 26, 2015 — The health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are well-known. As well as being healthier, a recent article concludes that the menu traditionally eaten in Spain leaves less of a carbon footprint than ... full story

Agricultural Waste Could Be Used as Biofuel

Mar. 26, 2015 — Straw-powered cars could be a thing of the future thanks to new research. A new study pinpoints five strains of yeast capable of turning agricultural by-products, such as straw, sawdust and corncobs, ... full story

The State of Vaccine Confidence: Early Results of a Vaccine Confidence Index

Mar. 25, 2015 — A new report examines global issues affecting confidence and hesitation about vaccines. The State of Vaccine Confidence Report analyzes some of the vaccine confidence issues that have occurred over ... full story

Work Site Wellness Centers Equate to Weight Loss and Health Care Savings, Expert Says

Mar. 25, 2015 — As employees and employers face higher health care costs, work site wellness are becoming increasingly more important to help control the costs of health care and encourage healthy lifestyle ... full story

Study Provides Academic Support for New Steve Jobs Portrayal

Mar. 24, 2015 — The new Steve Jobs biopic, 'Becoming Steve Jobs,' paints a picture of a less arrogant, humbler leader than previously thought. It portrays a softer side of Jobs that executives at Apple say is more ... full story

High-Energy TV Commercials: Too Much Stress for Consumers?

Mar. 24, 2015 — Consumers are tuning out TV commercials, making advertisers run louder, higher-energy ads to force their attention. This may be backfiring critically when consumers are watching sad or relaxing ... full story

Apple of the Mind's Eye: How Good Is Our Memory of Everyday Visual Stimuli?

Mar. 20, 2015 — In our world of branding and repetitive advertising, it is feasible that we dutifully soak up visuals and messages and store them accurately in our mind’s eye. New research tests this theory by ... full story

The Cost of Dominance: Aggressively Pursuing Higher Social Status May Exact a Toll on Health

Mar. 19, 2015 — Researchers conducted four studies to gauge the health effects of the hostile-dominant personality style compared with the warm-dominant style. Their findings are bad news for aggressive ... full story

New Optical Materials Break Digital Connectivity Barriers

Mar. 18, 2015 — In our increasingly networked world, we need much faster computer components to support enormous amounts of data transfer and data processing. A new study finds that new optical materials could serve ... full story

New Work Schedule Could Cure Your 'Social Jetlag'

Mar. 12, 2015 — Many of us are walking around all the time in a fog caused by 'social jetlag.' That's what happens when we lose sleep because our daily schedules don't match our bodies' natural rhythms. The ... full story

'Sugar Papers' Reveal Industry Role in 1970s U.S. National Caries Program, Analysis Shows

Mar. 10, 2015 — A newly discovered cache of industry documents reveals that the sugar industry worked closely with the National Institutes of Health in the 1960s and '70s to develop a federal research program ... full story

New Model of Cybercrime Factors in Perishability of Stolen Data

Mar. 10, 2015 — A new model examining cybercrimes adds an important way of examining the perishable value of stolen data so policy makers can plan against future hacks like the recent Anthem data breach, according ... full story

Being 'Laid Off' Leads to a Decade of Distrust

Mar. 10, 2015 — People who lose their jobs are less willing to trust others for up to a decade after being laid-off, according to new research. The author finds that being made redundant from your job not only makes ... full story

'Lightning Bolts' in Brain Show Learning in Action

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers have captured images of the underlying biological activity within brain cells and their tree-like extensions, or dendrites, in mice that show how their brains sort, store and make sense ... full story

Classroom Behaviour and Dyslexia Research

Mar. 30, 2015 — The significance of copying and note-taking in the classroom has been studied by researchers including a view on how it affects the learning of Dyslexic children. "Classroom learning is the bedrock ... full story

Why Good Solutions Make Us Oblivious to Better Ones

Mar. 26, 2015 — Psychologists have known about the so-called Einstellung effect since the 1940s. Now researchers are developing a solid understanding of how the phenomenon ... full story

Pre-K Children Outpace Normal Expectations Through Kindergarten

Mar. 25, 2015 — Students who were enrolled in the NC Pre-K Program are making significant gains across all areas of learning through the end of kindergarten, according to a new ... full story

Education May Not Improve Our Life Chances of Happiness

Mar. 25, 2015 — Getting a good education may not improve your life chances of happiness, according to new mental health ... full story

After Learning New Words, Brain Sees Them as Pictures

Mar. 24, 2015 — When we look at a known word, our brain sees it like a picture, not a group of letters needing to be processed. That's the finding from a new study that shows the brain learns words quickly by tuning ... full story

Are Our Schools Damaging Children's Eyes?

Mar. 24, 2015 — Shockingly, research has shown a dramatic increase in the number of students leaving secondary school with short-sightedness, or myopia, and a new study suggests lighting in schools could be a ... full story

More Schools, More Challenging Assignments Add Up to Higher IQ Scores

Mar. 24, 2015 — More schooling -- and the more mentally challenging problems tackled in those schools -- may be the best explanation for the dramatic rise in IQ scores during the past century, often referred to as ... full story

IQ of Children in Better-Educated Households Is Higher

Mar. 24, 2015 — A study comparing the IQs of male siblings in which one member was reared by biological parents and the other by adoptive parents found that the children adopted by parents with more education had ... full story

Supercomputers Give Universities a Competitive Edge

Mar. 23, 2015 — Researchers have long believed that supercomputers give universities a competitive edge in scientific research, but now they have some hard data showing it's true. Scientists have found that ... full story

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