Today's Healthcare News
October 7, 2015

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updated 3:26pm EDT

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October 7, 2015

Smoking Cessation Drug Proves Initially More Effective for Women

Oct. 7, 2015 — The most effective prescription drug used to quit smoking initially helps women more than men, according to a study, which found that varenicline, marketed as Chantix, was more effective earlier in ... read more

Single Mastectomy Is a More Cost-Effective Treatment for Nonhereditary Cancer in One Breast Than Removing Both Breasts

Oct. 6, 2015 — For younger women with early-stage, noninherited breast cancer on one side, a unilateral, or single, mastectomy leads to a slightly higher quality of life and lower costs over the next 20 years ... read more

Should Women Consume Alcohol During Pregnancy?

Oct. 6, 2015 — Experts discuss the evidence and current guidelines on the controversial topic of alcohol consumption during ... read more

Marijuana Extract Doesn't Reduce Postoperative Nausea, Vomiting

Oct. 6, 2015 — The marijuana extract tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) isn't effective in preventing nausea and vomiting after surgery in patients at high risk of this common complication, reports a ... read more

Routine Use of Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer Still to Be Established

Oct. 6, 2015 — A comparison of the surgical removal of rectal tumors by a laparoscopically assisted procedure and open surgery reveals that the case for routine use of laparoscopic procedures has not yet been ... read more

Study Questions Benefit of Exercise Program Following Immobilization of Ankle Fracture

Oct. 6, 2015 — A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after ... read more

Simulation Training Saves Precious Minutes in Speeding Treatment of Trauma Patients

Oct. 6, 2015 — To help trauma teams optimize a limited window of time after an emergency, trauma surgeons have developed a simulation training program that cuts precious minutes off evaluation times and gets trauma ... read more

More Women May Have Option to Get IUD Minutes After Giving Birth

Oct. 6, 2015 — More women may have the option to get an intrauterine device or contraceptive implant immediately after delivering a baby, thanks to expanding Medicaid coverage around the United ... read more

Older Patients Recover More Slowly from Concussion

Oct. 6, 2015 — Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), or concussion, accounts for 75 percent of all TBI and represents an important public health problem. Difficulty in working memory is frequently reported in ... read more

New Evidence for a Strategy to Identify Patients Nearing the End of Life

Oct. 6, 2015 — A new study provides compelling evidence that a simple tool can help predict which patients with cancer may be in their final year of life. The tool, known as the Surprise Question, was found to ... read more

Severe Liver Damage in Mid/late-Adulthood Among People Who Inject Drugs With Chronic Hepatitis C

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a chronic blood-borne viral infection that affects an estimated 160 million people worldwide. Alarmingly, chronic HCV infection accounts for one-quarter of ... read more

Expert Opinion: Are CT Scans Safe?

Oct. 5, 2015 — With questions lingering about the safety of medical imaging and the radiation that is used in some of those tests, a radiation safety expert has written a paper that provides clear answers that she ... read more

Blood Clots May Complicate Aortic Valve Replacements

Oct. 5, 2015 — Heart valve replacements made from tissue (bioprosthetic valves) have long been thought to be spared the complication of blood clot formation. Researchers have now found that about 15 percent of all ... read more

Testosterone Therapy Does Not Increase Aggressive Prostate Cancer Risk

Oct. 5, 2015 — Exposure to testosterone therapy over a five-year period was not associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer, shows a new population-based study. Further, risk of high-grade ... read more

Unconscious Bias Among Physicians Results in Low Quality Care for LGBT, Disabled Patients

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicians' unconscious attitudes toward LGBT and disabled populations may be partially responsible for poorer overall health observed in these communities. Primary care providers frequently ... read more

Benzodiazepines Ineffective in Treating Anxiety Disorders May Increase Dementia Risk

Oct. 5, 2015 — Patients taking benzodiazepines to treat psychiatric conditions should consider transitioning to other therapies because of heightened risks for dementia and death. Despite updated psychiatric ... read more

Risk Profiling Is Key to Managing Pain in Era of Opioid Abuse

Oct. 5, 2015 — Patients undergoing rehabilitation for physical injuries and their physicians can better understand who is most at risk of abusing opioids by reviewing their family history, lifestyle and environment ... read more

Antibiotics After Knee and Hip Surgery: Are They Effective?

Oct. 5, 2015 — Prescribing antibiotics after joint surgery to prevent infection is common, although there is little evidence to support it, argues a new ... read more

Adult Rashes With Fever Call for Emergency Treatment, Can Signal Life-Threatening Illness

Oct. 5, 2015 — Adults with skin rashes accompanied by a fever of 100.5 or higher warrant a trip to the emergency room because the combination of symptoms can be associated with several life-threatening conditions. ... read more

Study Examines Incidence of Serious, Highly Drug-Resistant Group of Bacteria

Oct. 5, 2015 — The overall incidence in 2012-2013 was relatively low of a serious, highly drug-resistant group of bacteria (Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae that are an important cause for health-care ... read more

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