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Birth Defects News
September 27, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 6:21pm EDT

More Birth Defects News
September 27, 2016

Microcephaly Case-Control Study Confirms Zika Virus Causality

Sep. 15, 2016 — The relation between Zika virus and microcephaly is widely assumed to be causal because of strong evidence of an association. However, evidence so far comes from case reports, case series, modelling ... read more

Study Discovers Potential New Target for Treatment of Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Sep. 15, 2016 — In spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the affected nerve cells that control muscle movement, or motor neurons, have defects in their mitochondria, which generate energy used by the cell, scientists have ... read more

Response to Common Schizophrenia, Bipolar Treatment Dictated by Gene Type

Sep. 14, 2016 — A mood-stabilizing drug prescribed to many patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder may decrease negative symptoms for people with a certain variant of the COMT gene, say ... read more

Brain Cancer and Leukemia: New Molecular Mechanisms Decoded

Sep. 14, 2016 — New molecular causes of brain cancer and leukemia have been revealed by new research. This research provided insight into the effect of mutations of enzymes involved in the development of these ... read more

Adverse Outcomes Not Improved in Novel Screen-and-Treat Program for Malaria in Pregnancy

Sep. 13, 2016 — A novel strategy to screen pregnant women for malaria with rapid diagnostic tests and treat the test-positive women with effective antimalarials does not lower the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes ... read more

Graded Aerobic Treadmill Testing in Children and Adolescents With Sports-Related Concussion

Sep. 13, 2016 — Graded aerobic treadmill testing is safe, tolerable, and useful in evaluating and managing cases of sports-related concussion in children and ... read more

Sep. 12, 2016 — Dystroglycan, a muscle cell receptor whose dysfunction causes muscular dystrophy, actually has a critical role in brain development, researchers have ... read more

Placenta Plays Pivotal 'Umpire' Role to Influence Pregnancy Outcomes

Sep. 12, 2016 — The amount of nutrients transported to the fetus by the placenta adjusts according to both the fetal drive for growth, and the mother’s physical ability to provide, new research ... read more

Sep. 12, 2016 — Microcephaly is a rare disorder that stunts brain development in utero, resulting in babies with abnormally small heads. The Zika virus is one environmental cause of this devastating condition, but ... read more

Many Adolescent Girls With Leukemia Are Not Being Screened for Pregnancy Before Beginning Chemotherapy

Sep. 12, 2016 — A new study indicates that adolescent females with acute leukemia have low rates of pregnancy screening prior to receiving chemotherapy that can cause birth defects. Although many chemotherapy drugs ... read more

Activity of Huntington's Disease Gene Curbed for Six Months in Mice

Sep. 9, 2016 — A single injection of a new treatment has reduced the activity of the gene responsible for Huntington's disease for several months in a trial in ... read more

Sep. 8, 2016 — A study of a new mouse model identifies a drug target that has the potential to increase social interaction in individuals with some forms of autism spectrum ... read more

Sep. 8, 2016 — Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a leading cause of birth defect-related deaths, but many of the critical genes involved are unknown, and those that are known often contribute only small increases ... read more

Sep. 8, 2016 — Having a little bit of extra fat may help reduce the risk of developing diseases caused by toxic protein aggregation, such as Huntington's, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Scientists have ... read more

Numbers of People With Down Syndrome in the US Since 1950 Estimated

Sep. 8, 2016 — A new study has estimated, for the first time, the numbers of people with Down syndrome in the US, from 1950 until 2010. The total number arrived at by the investigation, which also is the first to ... read more

Steroid Treatment for IVF Problems May Do More Harm Than Good

Sep. 8, 2016 — Researchers are urging doctors and patients to refrain from using a specific steroid treatment to treat infertility in women unless clinically indicated, because of its links to miscarriage, preterm ... read more

Sep. 8, 2016 — Scientists have succeeded in generating induced pluripotent stem cells from a rare disorder called Nijmegen breakage syndrome and to push these cells to become early neurons, revealing the mechanisms ... read more

Scientists Reverse Alcohol Dependence in Animal Models

Sep. 6, 2016 — The more a person drinks, the more they reinforce activation in the neuronal "circuit," which then drives further alcohol use and addiction. It's as if the brain carves a special path ... read more

Gene Defect as a Potential Gateway for Targeted Prostate Cancer Therapy

Sep. 5, 2016 — The loss of CHD1, one of the most frequently mutated genes in prostate tumors, sensitizes human prostate cancer cells to different drugs, including PARP inhibitors. This suggests CHD1 as a potential ... read more

Genetic Intersection of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Shared Medical Conditions

Sep. 1, 2016 — Researchers have analyzed current gene-disease findings to understand why people with neurodevelopmental and mental illness often have physical ... read more

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