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Birth Defects News
February 20, 2017

Latest Headlines
updated 5:52pm EST

More Birth Defects News
February 20, 2017

Children of Patients With C9orf72 Mutations Are at a Greater Risk of Frontotemporal Dementia or ALS at a Younger Age

Feb. 14, 2017 — The most common genetic cause of the brain diseases frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a mutation in the C9orf72 gene. Researchers have demonstrated that if an ... read more

Feb. 10, 2017 — It is consensus that mothers' diet has critical effects on fetal development, and the absence of nutrients is related to impairments on brain formation. In order to characterize the nutrients ... read more

Feb. 10, 2017 — 'Bench-to-bedside' describes research that has progressed from basic science in animal models that has led to therapies used in patients. Now, a study describes what could be considered a ... read more

Feb. 9, 2017 — Specific genetic errors that trigger congenital heart disease in humans can be reproduced reliably in Drosophila melanogaster -- the common fruit fly -- an initial step toward personalized therapies ... read more

Genetic Study Identifies a New Form of Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Feb. 9, 2017 — A new form of congenital muscular dystrophy has been discovered which is caused by mutations in a previously un-linked ... read more

Hair Analysis May Help Diagnose Cushing Syndrome, Researchers Report

Feb. 9, 2017 — Analyzing a hair sample may help with the diagnosis of Cushing syndrome, a rare and potentially fatal disorder in which the body overproduces the stress hormone cortisol, according to ... read more

Feb. 9, 2017 — A new molecular pathway that inhibits the myelination of neurons in the brains of patients with the rare genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) has been discovered by researchers. The ... read more

Feb. 7, 2017 — Two studies are opening important new windows into understanding an untreatable group of common genetic disorders known as RASopathies that are characterized by distinct facial features, ... read more

Feb. 7, 2017 — The name of the gene is Armc5, for Armadillo repeat containing 5. Until now, its function was unknown. After ten years of research, a team of scientists has succeeded in deleting this gene in ... read more

Pain During Alcohol Withdrawal: Electroacupuncture May Help

Feb. 7, 2017 — Hyperalgesia refers to an increased sensitivity to pain. It can occur during alcohol withdrawal, and may contribute to a relapse to drinking. Alternative therapies such as acupuncture and ... read more

Human Brain 'Organoids' Offer New Insight Into Rare Developmental Disease

Feb. 7, 2017 — Research has used brain “organoids” — tiny 3D models of human organs that scientists grow in a dish to study disease — to identify root causes of Miller-Dieker Syndrome (MDS), a rare genetic ... read more

Severe Newborn Jaundice Could Be Preventable, Mouse Study Shows

Feb. 6, 2017 — A protein that inhibits the enzyme that breaks down bilirubin in newborns has now been identified by researchers. Methods that block this inhibitor, and thus restore the enzyme’s activity, could ... read more

Scientists Find Clue to Why Zika, but Not Its Close Relatives, Causes Birth Defects

Feb. 6, 2017 — The most frightening aspect of Zika virus has been its ability to produce severe fetal birth defects during pregnancy, especially microcephaly—a small head. Now, scientists have uncovered the ... read more

Finding the Needle in a Genomic Haystack

Feb. 3, 2017 — Researchers have identified a genomic mutation that causes physical abnormalities and developmental delays in children. Upon analyzing the genome of a six-year-old boy, the scientists identified a ... read more

One More Reason to Focus on Prenatal Care -- Stronger Muscles for Newborn Babies

Feb. 3, 2017 — Malnutrition and stress negatively affect muscle stem cells in the fetus, and this could have life-long consequences, outlines a new ... read more

Research Supports Expanded Use of Cell Free DNA Prenatal Testing

Feb. 3, 2017 — Non-invasive cell free DNA prenatal testing can be effectively and appropriately offered to all pregnant women, regardless of maternal age or risk factors, through primary obstetrical care providers, ... read more

Researchers Outline New Policies for Earlier Detection of Autism in Children

Feb. 2, 2017 — The earlier that autism is diagnosed and treated in children, the better outcomes they will experience for future relationships and careers. However, most children aren't detected and diagnosed ... read more

Common Pain Relievers May Increase Heart Attack Risk During Respiratory Infections

Feb. 2, 2017 — Widely used pain relievers may increase the risk of a heart attack when used during a cold or flu-like illness, according to a new study. The findings suggest physicians and patients should use ... read more

Antidepressants Induce Resilience and Reverse Susceptibility

Feb. 2, 2017 — When they work, antidepressant medications may take weeks or months to alleviate symptoms of depression. Progress in developing new and more effective antidepressant treatments has been limited, ... read more

Parents of Children With Serious Heart Defects May Be at Risk of PTSD

Feb. 1, 2017 — Many parents -- particularly mothers -- of children born with serious heart defects have symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety or depression. Since compromised parental mental health can lead to ... read more

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